What is a pick and place robot?

What is a pick and place robot?

Manufacturers invest in pick and place robots to relieve human employees from dull and repetitive tasks, but also to optimize processes and gain business advantages. Productivity is key to success and a pick and place robot can help facilitate this goal.

What types of pick and place robots exist?

There are quite a few pick and place robots to choose from. Four of the most common pick and place robots are described below.

Robotic arms
When people think of pick and place robots, the traditional robotic arm is most likely what comes to mind. The robotic arm is probably the most common type of pick and place robot. Many manufacturers prefer 6-axis robot arms because the six axes enable the robot to perform a wide variety of tasks. Fewer axes equal less flexibility.

Collaborative robotic arms

Collaborative robotic arms share many similarities with the traditional industrial robotic arm. What separates them is that the former is specifically designed to work alongside humans in the same work environment. Intelligent sensors provide collaborative with collision control as well as a human-like dexterity.


Deltas are parallel robots, meaning they use parallelograms in the arms to restrict movement and maintain orientation. Delta robots, also called “spider” robots, are mounted above conveyor belts and have been a consistent industry favorite due to their high-speed pick and place abilities.


Cartesians are a type of industrial robot that resemble gantry cranes. They have three principal axes of control all of which are linear and placed at right angles next to each other. Back in the days, cartesian robots used to be a common sight in factories. However, the emergence of newer and more flexible industrial robots has made cartesians a rare sight nowadays.

What are pick and place robots used for?

Pick and place robots are used for a wide range of applications. However, there are four areas in which they excel. These are:

Assembly. When used for assembly operations, the pick and place robot grabs a workpiece from an incoming conveyor belt and puts it together with another workpiece before usually placing the newly assembled object on another conveyor belt.

Bin picking. Here, the pick and place robot grabs workpieces from a bin and places them on a conveyor belt at a high speed. Sometimes the bin contains workpieces of different sizes and shapes but with the right vision system, the robot can easily figure out which objects to pick up and when – all by itself.

Inspection. Pick and place robots can also assist with quality inspection. When the vision system detects an anomaly on the conveyor belt, the robot will take away the defective item, removing it from the final steps of the production process.

Packaging. Packaging resembles assembly in that the pick and place robot grabs workpieces from an incoming conveyor belt. But instead of assembling them, the robot will put them in packaging containers.

What are the benefits of pick and place robots?

The main reasons why many manufacturers choose to implement pick and place robots is because they are reliable and fast. Consistency is needed to manufacture quality items and a pick and place robot can perform the same job all day without losing focus. In short, many manufacturers invest in pick and place robots because:

  • They are harder, faster, better, stronger than their human counterparts
  • They are flexible and can be configured to grab both tiny and large objects
  • They maintain the same level of precision and never get tired
  • They relieve human employees from monotonous and dull tasks

Privacy Policy for processing and protecting personal data

This data protection policy applies to OnRobot.

The purpose of the policy is to ensure and document that OnRobot protects personal data in accordance with the rules for processing of personal data. The policy will also contribute to OnRobot providing information about its processing and use of registered personal data.

The policy will be reviewed each year.

Record of the processing of personal data

OnRobot processes personal data about:

  • Employees

  • Customers

  • Suppliers

  • Applicants

OnRobot has prepared a record of the processing of personal data. The record provides an overview of the processing for which OnRobot is responsible.

The personal data must be provided in order for OnRobot to enter into employment, customer and supplier contracts.

Purpose and lawfulness of the processing

Personal data are processed and archived in connection with:

  • HR management, including recruitment, hiring, dismissal and payment of salary

  • Master data for customers as well as orders and sales

  • Master data for suppliers as well as requisition forms and purchases

  • Contracts

Processing is legal by the authority specified in the appended record.

OnRobot does not use the personal data for purposes other than those listed. OnRobot does not collect more personal data than necessary to meet the purpose. 

Storage and erasure

OnRobot has introduced the following overall guidelines for storage and erasure of personal data:

  • Personal data are stored in physical folders.

  • Personal data are stored in IT systems and on server drives.

  • Personal data are not stored for longer than necessary to meet the purpose of the processing.

  • Personal data for employees are erased five years after employment has ended, and personal data about applicants are erased after six months.

Data security

Based on the appended risk assessment, OnRobot has implemented security measures to protect personal data:

  • Only employees with a work-related need to access the registered personal data have access to the data, either physically or via IT systems with rights management.

  • All computers are password protected and employees may not disclose their passwords to others.

  • Computers must have firewall and antivirus software installed, which must be updated regularly.

  • Personal data are erased securely in connection with phasing-out and repair of IT equipment.

  • USB flash drives, external hard disks, etc. containing personal data must be stored in a locked drawer or cabinet.

  • Physical folders are placed in a locked office or in locked cabinets.

  • Personal data in physical folders are erased by shredding.

  • All employees must be instructed in what to do with personal data and how to protect personal data.


Website and Cookie

  • The Personal Data Regulation allows you to treat personal data only legally for the purpose for which they have been collected. If you want to use data for purposes other than the original, you must always have the consent of the registrant.

  • Upon receipt of a business card from a customer you have his consent. If you write his information you need his signature on this paper to have a formal requirement for consent if you want to use his information. Then the customer allows OnRobot to use his data for purposes other than communication, upcoming promotions, product updates or further news including upcoming promotions, product updates and further news.

  • According to the Cookie Act, OnRobot must have the user’s consent to use this software on the user’s equipment. On The company’s intranet or similar closed group, the rules in the E-data protection directive do not apply.


Personal data about employees may be disclosed to public authorities such as the Danish Customs and Tax Administration and pension companies.


OnRobot only uses processors if they are able to provide the required guarantees that they will implement appropriate technical and organisational security measures to comply with personal data law. All processors must sign a processor agreement before processing commences.


OnRobot safeguards the rights of data subjects, including the right to access, withdrawal of consent, rectification and erasure and will inform the data subjects of OnRobot’s processing of personal data. Data subjects are also entitled to appeal to the Danish Data Protection Agency.

Personal data breach

In case of personal data breach, OnRobot will report the breach to the Danish Data Protection Agency as soon as possible and within 72 hours. The manager is responsible for this reporting taking place. The report will outline the breach, the groups of persons affected and the impact the breach may have on these persons and how OnRobot has remedied or intends to remedy the breach. If the breach entails a high risk for the persons about whom OnRobot processes personal data, OnRobot will also notify these persons. OnRobot s will document any personal data breach on an access-controlled drive.

Erasure of data

The customer should assess when personal data need to be erased by asking the question:

When is it no longer necessary to store the personal data?

OnRobot follows the practice of the Danish Data Protection Agency:

Applications Are erased after 6 months in connection with job interviews. Unsolicited applications are erased immediately.
Employee data Are erased 5 years after termination of employment.
CCTV surveillance Is erased after 30 days.
Telephone conversations Are erased immediately or after up to 3 months.
Accounting records Must be stored for 5 years from the end of the financial year.


This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.

How to Grow your Business with Collaborative Applications
How to Grow your Business with Collaborative Applications
With the dawn of smarter, more adaptive tooling, robots can now function with greater speed, strength, safety and precision, accomplishing a wide range of tasks, while maximizing ROI. Learn more on how you can enable faster production at lower costs by downloading our free eBook.
How to Grow your Business with Collaborative Applications
Download Material
Please provide the following information to download the material.